Self determination is the real issue | Pakistan Today

Self determination is the real issue

  • India must be reined in by the international community

The United Nations General Assembly has adopted a Pakistan-sponsored resolution titled “Universal Realization of the Rights of Peoples to Self-determination.” The resolution called upon states to cease immediately their military intervention in, and occupation of, foreign countries and territories and all acts of repression, discrimination, exploitation and maltreatment, in particular the brutal and inhuman methods reportedly employed in the execution of those acts against the peoples concerned. It also requested the UN Human Rights Council to continue giving special attention to human rights, especially the right to self-determination. The passage of the resolution is surely a diplomatic triumph for Pakistan.

The right of the people to self-determination is a cardinal principle in modern international law. The concept of self-determination evolved as a by-product of the doctrine of nationalism. After World War II, the promotion of self-determination among subject peoples became one of the chief goals of the UN. Even its predecessor League of Nations also recognized this principle.

Article 1(2) of Chapter I of the UN Charter enunciates the right of self-determination as one of its objectives. Pursuant to that objective the UN has adopted a myriad of resolutions in the context of different conflicts around the world, particularly Palestine and Kashmir. Resolution 2649 adopted in 1970 not only recognizes the right of self-determination of the subjugated people, but also reiterates the right of adoption of any means by the concerned people to win their right of self-determination.

But it is regrettable to note that in spite of the continued denial of this right to the people of Kashmir for the last more than 72 years the UN and the global community have not fulfilled their obligation towards them as enunciated in the UN resolutions and the commitments made by the then Indian leaders.

What India’s Modi government has done in Indian-Occupied Jammu and Kashmir constitutes an affront to the conscience of the world community. In pursuance of the RSS philosophy of Hindutva, it has actually tried to nullify the UN resolutions on Kashmir and all its bilateral agreements with Pakistan to resolve the contentious issues, including the core issue of Kashmir. The continuation of the killing spree in Indian-Occupied Jammu and Kashmir, in particular the siege of the Valley, and its persistent hostile posture towards Pakistan has put the peace and security of the entire region in peril.

Kashmir is really a nuclear flashpoint. Therefore the world community and the UN must intervene before things reach a point of no return. The real issue is allowing the people to exercise their right of self-determination in consonance with the relevant UN resolutions, which is the only way to ward-off the dangers lurking on the horizon as a result of India acting as a war-like state. The Indian leadership also needs to understand that its policies were not only inimical to the regional peace and security but also against its own strategic interests and security. The clash between two nuclear powers could prove mutually destructive. Can they afford this risk?

During 2020 India committed 3000 violations of the ceasefire agreement and the continued firing across the LOC has killed 278 civilians. It also committed an act of aggression against Pakistan in February 2019 when it sent its planes to bomb imaginary terrorist camps at Balakot. The restraint shown by Pakistan and intervention by friendly countries helped in defusing the tensions. However the danger of an armed conflict between the two countries still persists.

Prime Minister Imran Khan has been repeatedly warning about the Indian designs and the threat it poses to peace and security in the region. While condemning Indian firing on the vehicle of UN observers at the LOC, he again warned the world about a likely false-flag operation against Pakistan by India and the contemplated response to it in these words: “Modi government would try to divert attention of the word community from its internal mess by conducting a false flag operation against Pakistan. I am making it absolutely clear to the international community that if India were to be reckless enough to conduct a false-flag operation against Pakistan, it would confront a strong national Pakistani resolve and be given a befitting response at all levels of the threat. Make no mistake.”

A similar warning was given by Foreign Minister Shah Mahmood Qureshi last Friday. Talking to media in UAE he said, “India is planning, and seeking ‘tacit approval’ from important players, whom it considers its partners, to undertake a surgical strike against Pakistan to divert attention of the world from its own worsening domestic situation. We are well aware about Indian designs. We have intelligence report about a false-flag operation by India. I want to share all this information with the UAE government and the rest of the World. India’s irrational approach is driven by its frustration, emanating from internal unrest due to the RSS-BJP regime’s policies aimed at subjugation of religious minorities and disadvantaged segments of the society.”

The most worrying aspect revealed by Mr Qureshi based on the intelligence reports is that India was seeking the nod of approval from its partners. Who are these partners is known to the entire world. It is due to their support and looking the other way to what is happening in this region, particularly Indian-Occupied Jammu and Kashmir, that the BJP regime feels encouraged to flout international law, UN resolutions and norms of inter-state behaviour. It is pertinent to mention that The Los Angeles Times, in the backdrop of the repeal of Article 370 of the Indian Constitution, revealed that the BJP took this step with a nod of approval from the Trump Administration.

It is indeed regrettable that the strategic partners of India, with a view to promote their strategic and commercial interests, are not only encouraging India to deny the right of self-determination to the people of Kashmir but are also indifferent to the security threat that India poses to peace and security of the region. They fail to understand that the conflict between Pakistan and India could eventually also undermine their strategic and commercial interests. Their blind support to India was an even bigger threat to peace.

Kashmir is really a nuclear flashpoint. Therefore the world community and the UN must intervene before things reach a point of no return. The real issue is allowing the people to exercise their right of self-determination in consonance with the relevant UN resolutions, which is the only way to ward-off the dangers lurking on the horizon as a result of India acting as a war-like state. The Indian leadership also needs to understand that its policies were not only inimical to the regional peace and security but also against its own strategic interests and security. The clash between two nuclear powers could prove mutually destructive. Can they afford this risk?



One Comment;

  1. SKChadha said:

    “Kashmir is really a nuclear flashpoint. Therefore the world community and the UN must intervene before things reach a point of no return. ….. The clash between two nuclear powers could prove mutually destructive. Can they afford this risk?”

    Why the writer is time and again showing Pakistan’s “Nuclear Bums”? Indians give two hoots to them. ?

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