Indian forces in occupied Kashmir have been carrying out beatings and torture in the wake of the government’s decision to strip the region of its autonomy.
The BBC heard from several villagers who said they were beaten with sticks and cables and given electric shocks. Residents in several villages showed BBC their injuries.
However, the Indian army, once again, has called the accusations “baseless and unsubstantiated” despite sufficient evidence and international media reporting severe rights violations.
Unprecedented restrictions have put held Kashmir into a state of lockdown for four weeks now and information has only trickled out since Aug 5 when Article 370 of Indian constitution – the provision giving special status to the disputed territory – was revoked.
Over 25 thousand additional troops have been deployed to the region and about 3,000 people – including former chief ministers, corporate leaders and rights activists – have been detained. Many have been moved to unknown prisons outside the state.
The authorities say these actions are pre-emptive and designed to maintain law and order in the region, which was India’s only Muslim-majority state.
The Indian army has been fighting a separatist insurgency here for over three decades. India blames Pakistan for fomenting violence in the region by supporting militants – a charge that its neighbor, which controls its own part of Kashmir, denies.
BBC reporter visited at least half a dozen villages in the southern districts which have emerged as a hub of freedom struggles in the past few years, hearing similar accounts from several people in all these villages of night raids, beatings and torture.
Doctors and health officials are unwilling to speak to journalists about any patients regardless of ailments fearing government reaction, but the villagers showed their injuries inflicted by Indian security forces.
In one village, residents said that the army went from house to house just hours after India announced the controversial decision that upended a decades-old arrangement between Delhi and held Kashmir.
Two brothers alleged that they were woken up and taken to an outside area where nearly a dozen other men from the village had been gathered. Like everyone else we met, they were too afraid of reprisals to reveal their identities.
“They beat us up. We were asking them: ‘What have we done? You can ask the villagers if we are lying if we have done anything wrong?’ But they didn’t want to hear anything, they didn’t say anything, they just kept beating us,” one of them said.
“They beat every part of my body. They kicked us, beat us with sticks, gave us electric shocks, beat us with cables. They hit us on the back of the legs. When we fainted they gave us electric shocks to bring us back. When they hit us with sticks and we screamed, they sealed our mouth with mud.
“We told them we are innocent. We asked why they were doing this? But they did not listen to us. I told them don’t beat us, just shoot us. I was asking God to take me because the torture was unbearable.”
Another villager, a young man, said the security forces kept asking him to “name the stone-throwers” – referring to the mostly young men and teenage boys who have in the past decade become the face of civilian protests in Indian occupied Kashmir.
He said he told the soldiers he didn’t know any, so they ordered him to remove his glasses, clothes and shoes.
“Once I took off my clothes they beat me mercilessly with rods and sticks, for almost two hours. Whenever I fell unconscious, they gave me electric shocks to revive [me].
“If they do it to me again, I am willing to do anything, I will pick up the gun. I can’t bear this every day,” he said.
The young man added that the soldiers told him to warn everyone in his village that if anyone participated in any protests against the forces, they would face similar repercussions.
All the men we spoke to in all the villages believe the security forces did this to intimidate the villagers so that they would be too scared to protest.
In a statement to the BBC, the Indian army said it had “not manhandled any civilians as alleged”.
“No specific allegations of this nature have been brought to our notice. These allegations are likely to have been motivated by inimical elements,” Indian army spokesperson Col. Aman Anand said.
Measures had been taken to protect civilians but “there have been no injuries or casualties due to countermeasures undertaken by the army”, he added.
We drove through several villages where many residents were sympathetic towards separatist militant groups, whom they described as “freedom fighters”.
In one village, the reporter met a man in his early 20s who said the army threatened to frame him if he didn’t become an informant against militants. When he refused, he alleged, he was beaten so badly that two weeks later he still cannot lie on his back.
“If this continues I’ll have no choice but to leave my house. They beat us as if we are animals. They don’t consider us human.”
Another man who showed us his injuries said he was pushed to the ground and severely beaten with “cables, guns, sticks and probably iron rods” by “15-16 soldiers”.
“I was semi-conscious. They pulled my beard so hard that I felt like my teeth would fall out.”
He said he was later told by a boy who had witnessed the assault that one soldier tried to burn his beard, but was stopped by another soldier.
In yet another village, a young man said his brother had joined the Hizbul Mujahideen – one of the largest pro-freedom groups fighting Indian rule in Kashmir – two years ago.
He said he was recently questioned at an army camp, where he alleged he was tortured and left with a leg fracture.
“They tied my hands and legs and hung me upside down. They beat me very badly for more than two hours,” he said.
But the Indian army denies any wrongdoing.
However, earlier this year, a report released by two prominent Kashmiri human rights organisations documented hundreds of alleged cases of human rights violations in held Kashmir over the past three decades.
The UN Commission on Human Rights has also called for setting up a Commission of Inquiry (COI) to conduct a comprehensive independent international investigation into allegations of human rights violations in Kashmir. It has released a 49-page report on alleged excesses by security forces in the region.