KP-FATA merger bill gets Senate’s nod | Pakistan Today

KP-FATA merger bill gets Senate’s nod

  • 71 senato­rs vote in favour, 5 against the bill as JUI-F and PkMAP walk out of session
  • Bill will now be presented to KP Assembly for final approval
  • Rabbani says lawmakers acted as ‘puppets’, would have been better if parliament had taken initiative for FATA reforms

ISLAMABAD: The Senate on Friday approved the landmark bill paving the way for the much-awaited merger of the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) with Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP).

The bill, titled 31st Amendment Act, 2018,  had already been passed by the Lower House a day earlier after receiving support from both the treasury and opposition benches. Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) Chairman Imran Khan, who rarely attends NA sessions, also participated in the historic vote which was opposed by government allies — Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam-Fazl (JUI-F) and Pakhtunkhwa Milli Awami Party (PkMAP) — who chose to walk out.

The only votes against the bill, presented in the Senate by Federal Law Minister Chaudhry Bashir Virk, came from PkMAP while JUI-F chose to walk out again.

During the session, 71 lawmakers voted in favour of nine clauses of the constitutional amendment bill while five were against them.

Besides, 28 lawmakers were absent from the House during the session

Soon after the announcement of the results, Senate Chairman Sadiq Sanjrani greeted the nation in general and the residents of FATA in particular over passage of the historic bill.

After getting approval from both houses of the parliament, the bill will now be presented before KP Assembly.


Taking the floor of the House after the bill’s passage, Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) senior leader Raza Rabbani claimed the lawmakers did not act on their own in terms of the reforms bill, rather they acted as “puppets”. “Although it is a positive step, it would have been better if the initiative had been taken by the parliament.”

“We had proposed reforms in 2009 through the office of then president Asif Ali Zardari but we were stopped,” he said.

Reflecting on the recent commotion over a separate province in Sindh, Rabbani warned that even though the Lower House had asserted that the 31st Amendment Bill shall lead to more administrative units, “division of provinces on the basis of administrative needs will not be allowed”.

“Every province has a heritage, language, culture and history – a new province will not be allowed without the presence of such ingredients.”

Contradicting Rabbani’s statement that the parliament was acting on “directives” instead of relying on itself, Leader of the Opposition Sherry Rehman said: “At least PPP has its own history and struggle to prove otherwise.”

Rehman maintained that the first committee on FATA was constituted by Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. “Benazir Bhutto even moved the top court for the rights of the people of the tribal areas.”

Voting in favour of the bill, Muttahida Qaumi Movement-Pakistan (MQM-P) Senator Barrister Saif pointed out that certain articles had been circumvented.

Jamaat-e-Islami (JI) chief Sirajul Haq stressed that the merger will strengthen KP with additional representation in the Parliament. Condemning the Frontier Crimes Regulations (FCR), he said a British officer had termed the law “worst”.


Opposing the bill, JUI-F’s Ghafoor Hyderi said there was no logic in the decision. “Since the matter is about the people of FATA and their identity, they should have been asked what they wanted. There were three better options: separate province, repealing of FCR or a council system.”

Meanwhile, PkMAP’s Usman Kakar alleged that the bill was passed in a hurry due to the uncertainty of the upcoming general polls. “I can guarantee that elections will not be taking place.”


Another daunting task for the political leadership is to get the bill passed with a two-thirds vote in the KP Assembly before the expiry of its term on May 28, three days before the National Assembly’s dissolution.

As per Article 239(4) of the Constitution, the president cannot assent a constitutional amendment bill which affects geographical boundaries of a province without approval by the assembly of that province.

Article 239(4) of the Constitution reads, “A bill to amend the Constitution which would have the effect of altering the limits of a province shall not be presented to the president for assent unless it has been passed by the provincial assembly of that province by the votes of not less than two-thirds of its total membership.”

If the bill does not get through the KP Assembly, then the fate of FATA merger will be in the hands of new representatives to be elected in the coming general elections. Even after its passage from the National Assembly and the Senate, the president will have to wait to give his assent till the installation of the new assembly.


The much-hyped bill was approved by the National Assembly on Thursday with 229 parliamentarians voting in favour while only one opposed it. Aimed to speedup mainstreaming of the tribal areas, the bill also includes KP, FATA merger within two years despite staunch opposition from two of PML-N’s strongest allies – JUI-F and PkMAP.

Both the parties staged a walk-out when the resolution to table the bill was approved.

The draft bill seeks to amend seven articles in the Constitution of Pakistan to allow implementation of proposed reforms. It seeks to omit paragraph C of sub-clause 2 of Article 1 under which FATA is placed as separate territory of the country like the four provinces. The omission will allow the tribal areas to merge with territory of KP.

The bill proposes amending clause 1 of Article 51 by reducing the number of seats in the National Assembly from 342 to 326. It adds clause 3A after clause 3 to give legal cover to representatives who will be elected from FATA in the general polls 2018. They will continue as member of the National Assembly till expiry of their five-year-term and after the five years, this new clause will stand omitted.

It also seeks removal of the word “Federally Administered Tribal Areas”, from the clause 5, under which seats of the National Assembly are allocated on population bases, and from sub-clause 1 of Article 155 which deals with the complaints and interferences with water supplies.

The draft pursues changes in Article 59, which deals with Senate, by reducing the number of Senate members from 104 to 96. It omits the sub-clause (b) of clause 1 that allocated eight members to the tribal areas.  It will also delete the sub-clause (b) of clause 3 of the same article which states that four senators elected from Fata shall retire after three years while another four after next three years.

Furthermore, it seeks omission of the word “Federally Administered Tribal Areas” from its sub-clauses (b) and (f) of Article 272 which defines the constitution of Senate.

It proposes omitting clause C of Article 246 which defines and names Fata and seeks addition of clause D which states that laws applicable in these areas will remain applicable until repealed or changed by competent authority.

Under Article 247, the competent authority will be the federal government until after the elections when the jurisdiction for altering and repealing the laws prevailing in these areas will be passed to the assembly.

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