The United Nations mission in Afghanistan said at least 10 civilians may have been killed by an airstrike in the northern city of Kunduz last week, despite a US military investigation that found no civilian deaths.
In a series of messages on Twitter, the UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan said interviews with multiple survivors, medics, elders and others gave it strong reason to believe that civilians were among the victims of Saturday’s attack.
“Credible reports that at least 10 civilians killed in Kunduz Afghanistan air strike 4 Nov, UNAMA initial findings show,” it said.
The statement contradicts comments from some local and Afghan military officials as well as a US statement on Tuesday, which said that an investigation had found no evidence of civilian deaths.
The episode underlines the lack of clarity over reports of civilian casualties, an issue which is likely to become increasingly prominent as the United States steps up airstrikes against the Taliban and other insurgent groups.
Captain Tom Gresback, a spokesman for the US military, said the Pentagon stood by its previous statement that found no civilian deaths.
But he added: “US Forces Afghanistan will examine and consider any credible evidence when allegations of civilian casualties are presented. We take all allegations of civilian casualties very seriously and take necessary steps to ensure that we mitigate the loss of civilian life.”
On a visit to Kabul in September, the US defence secretary, Jim Mattis, said that commanders would be given greater freedom to use American firepower against the Taliban but that “everything humanly possible” would be done to avoid civilian casualties.
Former president Hamid Karzai, who clashed bitterly with the United States over the issue in past years, condemned the airstrikes but the government of President Ashraf Ghani has so far made no public comment.
Accounts from some local officials and residents indicated that as many as 13 people were killed in airstrikes in Chahardara district outside Kunduz city. Some Afghan media have reported much higher figures, without independent confirmation.
Afghan special forces and the local provincial governor say 48 militants were killed but deny any civilians were killed.
In its most recent report, the United Nations said there had been a 52 per cent increase in civilian casualties from airstrikes in the first nine months of the year to 205 killed and 261 wounded.
The issue has particular resonance in Kunduz because it was there that 42 civilians were killed in a US airstrike on a hospital run by medical aid group Médecins sans Frontières during fighting to regain the city from the Taliban in 2015.