History and fabrication


What has been taught to us is mostly not true


Draped in white and green, students in my university were full of passion and enthusiasm on 22nd March. Painting their faces with white and green, blowing up balloons of the same color and chattering around cheerfully, they were celebrating what is termed as ‘Pakistan Day’ in advance.

I watched them doing this while reading ‘The Murder of History’ to extract some important points for this very column. Upon asking a student about what the day means, I got to hear the textbook version which the students have been parroting since the first grade, ‘Resolution for the creation of Pakistan was passed this day.’ The answer was blank face when I asked what did the resolution say or mean.

This is the probable response of an average student with or without some additional information – from the textbooks. I too had the same understanding of Pakistan Movement and its history two years ago until I came across ‘The Murder of History’. Written by prominent historian K K Aziz, it is a detailed analysis of our history textbooks and points out the fallacies being committed by the writers.

Reading on, I realised how the governments through the years have systematically morphed our history to justify its creation, as well as its ideological standing – a practice common all over the world. Prominent historian Dr Mubarak Ali noted in his recent column for Dawn, “During the Congress party rule, the contents of textbooks become liberal and tolerable to the religious minorities of India. In 1998, during BJP’s government under Atal Bihari Vajpayee, a major change occurred in textbooks when the Hindutva ideology was propagated and Hindu symbols were depicted.”

Coming back to 23rd March, Aziz notes in his book that the event has been constructed into a historical falsehood. All the newspapers and documents from that time agree on the fact that the Annual Session of All India Muslim League commenced on 22nd March, 1940, as Jinnah gave a long speech. The next day, on 23rd March, Fazl-ul-Haq presented the resolution as other leaders spoke to the attendees. It was on 24th March, after the leaders of AIML had spoken, was the resolution presented for voting and passed unanimously.

Although K K Aziz doesn’t provide any possible explanation behind the blatant misrepresentation of facts but it has been well established now that it was 1956 Constitution which triggered the celebration of ‘Republic Day’ on 23rd March. It was after Ayub Khan took over the government and started tearing apart the constitution that led to falsification of as important a historical date as this. He faced the issue of celebrating 23rd March as Republic Day to commemorate the constitution he himself had violated.

He ultimately changed Republic Day into Pakistan Day in remembrance of what is now called ‘Pakistan Resolution’.

Content of the resolution, which according to Aziz is highly ambiguous and badly-written, has been interpreted into something entirely different.

Aziz explains how the meaning of this resolution has been morphed, which says, “That geographically contiguous units are demarcated into regions which should be constituted, with such territorial readjustments as may be necessary that the areas in which the Muslims are numerically in a majority as in the North Western and Eastern Zones of (British) India should be grouped to constitute ‘independent states’ in which the constituent units should be autonomous and sovereign.”

Few of the claims which our textbooks make are (i) It demanded two independent states; (ii) a separate homeland; (iii) An independent state to be called Pakistan; (iv) a separate homeland for Muslims of India; and (v) dividing India into two separate states.

Aziz asks if the above said text justifies the tall claims made by the textbooks – to which the answer is no. He goes on to ask, “If the textbooks can fabricate facts in the course of paraphrasing a definite, published, easily available document, what atrocities on truth they must have perpetrated in the field of Pakistan’s political developments?”

Creation of Pakistan was never on the cards until Nehru showed stubbornness (which many believe was deliberate) to accept the Cabinet Mission Plan. Thus, to justify its creation, an ‘ideology’ was propagated as a public discourse by the government itself. Historians were asked to write about how Muslims were a different nation altogether and which resulted ridiculous analogies.

In my previous columns, I have discussed how this ideology has been attributed to various personalities. Muhammad Bin Qasim, an Arab warrior who attacked Sindh, is said to be the founding father of this country. His role is later furthered by Mahmud Ghaznavi, who attacked India 17 times to loot and plunder its wealth. Sheikh Ahmed Sirhindi tops the list of the many spiritual founders of Pakistan.

The effort continues until today as recently a ‘historian’ made fresh revelations about another invader, Ghauri, to have laid the foundation of Pakistan.

An interesting pattern observed on Twitter as a hashtag about the Ideology of Pakistan was trending on 23rd March. A mix of religious fundamentalists, especially from JuD, and pro-army accounts was the reason behind this trend. Although it is being said that state’s narrative towards jihadists has changed in the past few months, it was ironic to see both sides toeing the same lines.

It seems that despite the tall claims of paradigm shift, no serious efforts will take place by the responsible authorities to change the narrative of textbooks. Young minds will keep learning a fabricated and highly perverted version of our history and will grow up being high on ‘patriotism’.

Ultimately, their ideology meets with that of jihadist groups like JuD at one point, which obviously have been the children of those claiming to be the defendants of our ‘ideological frontiers’.


  1. مسلمان اور کافروں میں بنیادی فرق لا الہ الا اللا محمد الرسول اللہ کا ہے ۔ یہ کلمہ ہی دو قومی نظریے کی اصل بنیاد یے جس کا مسلمانوں نے لگایا اور امنا علیحدہ ملک حاصل کیا۔ اور یہی دو قومی نظریہ پاکستان بنانے کا اصل مقصد اور نظریہ پاکستان ہے۔
    پاکستان ایک نظریاتی ملک ہے یہ نظریے کی بنیاد پر بنایا گیا ۔تو پاکستان کی بقا اور ترقی نظریہ پاکستان کو زندہ رکھنے سے ہی ممکن ہے ۔
    اگر اللہ تعالی نے آپ کو لکھنے کی صلاحیت دی ہے تو برائے مہربانی اس کو صحیح استعمال کریں ۔ان لوگوں کی طرح نہ بنیں جو ملک کا نمک حرام کر ہے ہیں ۔
    جو چاہے آپ کا حسن کرشمہ ساز کرے
    اس کے مصداق نہ بنیں۔

  2. Your comment…
    پاکستان کا نظریہ اسلام ھے اسی بنیاد پر یہ وجود میں..
    کشمیر کے بارے میں محمد علی جناح بانی پاکستان نے اس وقت کے آرمی کے جنرل کو جو آپ جیسا ولائتی لبرل انگریز تھا کشمیر کی آزادی کیلئے فوج داخل کرنے کا کہا اس نے انکار کر
    اس وقت قائداعظم نے مجاھدین کو کشمیر میں بھیجا انہوں آزاد کشمیر خالی کروایا
    قائداعظم نے مجاھدین کو فریڈم فائٹرز کا خطاب دیا
    ھم آج قائداعظم کی اسی تحریک کو لے کر میدان میں ھیں..
    آپکی سوچ دیسی لبرل بن گئی ھے

  3. السلام علیکم
    اگرآپ نےپاکستان کی تاریخ پڑھنی ہے تو وہ آپ کےکومغرب سے نہیں بلکہ جہنوں نے اپناخون اس ملک کے لئے صرف اسلام کی خاطر دیا ہےاُن سے مل سکتی ہے۔
    مغرب سے آپ کو لبرلرازم اور سیکولرزم ہی مل سکتا ہے۔
    آپ اپنی سوچ کو پاکستان کے لئے استعمال کریں نہ کہ مغرب کے لئے.

  4. MB Qasim:A Warrior, MahmoodGhaznavi:Looter and Ghauri:Invader, this is actually FABRICATION. Pakistan Day or Republic Day 23rd March or 24th March, I don’t think so is a fabrication. Pakistan is the result of Two Nation Theory. What would you term the battles of Islam? Brother you need to study the history of Islam from day first. You should also study history of HAZRAT UMER (RA).

  5. اسلام علیکم
    بھائی جان نظریہ پاکستان ہی بقائے پاکستان ہے کوئی جو مرضی کہے قاعد اعظم نے پاکستان اسلام کے نام پر بنایا تھا تو مذیب کو اس میں خاص اہمیت حاصل ہے مذہبی جماعتیں تو پاکستان کی آن بان کیلے جانیں پیش کرتی ہیں لہکن آپ جیسے لبرل خود تو کچھ کر نہیں سکتے اور جو کرتے ہیں ان پر بھی سو طرح کے الزامات لگا دیتے ہو
    اور کسی نے آپ سے محب وطن کی ڈگری نہیں لینی اس لیے گریبان میں جھانک کر کالم لکھا کرو

  6. In today’s India the Muslim history and Islamic literature has been either excluded from the textbooks or moulded against Islamic thought and Muslims way of life. Apart from subjecting them to suffer a host of political, cultural and economic inequalities; the Muslims have often been subjected to a systematic campaign of interference with their religion. It usually takes place in the form of slanderous attacks on Islam made in the school text books, or in the press, desecration of mosques and shrines, or deliberate incitement of feelings of religious hatred against the Muslims.In most of the Hindu dominated Indian states, Hindu religious beliefs, philosophy and methodology have been introduced into the textbooks in the name of Indian culture. This indoctrination has gone to the extent that just a glance through the officially prescribed school text books convinces the reader that their authors regard India (a multi religious country) as the home of Brahmans and attach value only to their deities, temples, religious customs and practices. The Muslim heroes in medieval Indian history have been treated as ‘aliens’ and ‘strangers.’
    The Muslims rulers of the past are now being projected as barbaric warriors, dacoits and robbers in the history books. The young Muslim generation is being indoctrinated with the thoughts that their forefathers were Hindus and they were converted Muslims by force. The idea is to revert them to Hinduism____
    And going to take that very resolution into your mind.
    on the resolution day, 23rd of March, while addressing to the annual Muslim League convention in Lahore, he said, “Hindus and the Muslims belong to two different religions, philosophies, social customs and literature. They neither inter-marry nor inter-dine and, indeed they belong to two different civilizations, which are based mainly on conflicting ideas and conceptions. Their concepts on life and of life are different. They have different epics, different heroes and different episodes. Very often the hero of one is a foe of the other, and likewise, their victories and defeats overlap___
    Now our hero is your foe and our victory is defeat for you, Dear you are simply standing on the other side of the line.

  7. پاکستان ایک نظریہ پر حاصل کیا گیا ۔وہ نظریہ دو قومی نظریہ ہے ۔ایک نظریہ ہندو کا تھا بت پوجنا ان کی عبادت کرنا ۔اور دوسرا نظریہ مسلمانوں کا تھا کہ ایک اللہ کو پکارنا اور اسی کی عبادت کرنا اسی بنیاد پر ملک حاصل کیا گیا کہ یہاں مسلمان اپنی مرضی سے آزادی کے ساتھ عبادت کرسکیں ۔

  8. السلام علیکم
    میرا خیال ہے کہ آپ لبرل بن کر کفار کو خوش کرنے کی کوشش کر رہے ہیں یا پھر آپ حقائق سے نظریں چرا رہے ہیں آپ نے لکھا ہے کہ پاک فوج کو سپورٹ کرنے والوں نے نظریہ پاکستان کے لیے ٹرینڈ چلایا یا چند ملاؤں نے۔۔
    ہاں مجھے اس میں کوئی آر نہیں کہ ہم پاک فوج کو سپورٹ کرتے ہیں پاک فوج کو سپورٹ نہ کریں تو کیا انڈین فوج کو سپورٹ کریں؟؟؟؟
    باقی آپ جماعت الدعوہ پر لکھنے سے پہلے گوگل پر ہی سرچ کر لیتے کہ جماعت الدعوہ کا تعارف کیا ہے غزہ شام برما کشمیر پاکستان کے اندر تھر چولستان بلوچستان پشاور اندرون سندھ کے ہندوؤں سے ہی پوچھ لیتے تو آپ کو جماعت الدعوہ کی کردار کشی کرنے کی ضرورت محسوس نہ ہوتی سیانے کہتے ھیں چاند پر تھوکنے سے چاند کا کچھ نہیں بگڑتا البتہ تھوکنے والے کا اپنا منہ گندہ ہوتا ہے

  9. عمر لگتا هے پاکستان جب بن رها تھا تب آپ کے خاندان سے کسی بڑے نے قربانی نهیں دی اسی لئے آپ کو ان لوگوں کی قربانی کی قدر نهیں جنھوں نے پاکستان بنانے کے لئے قربانی دی.
    آپ کے کالم سے بھارتی سوچ رکھنے والے تو خوش هو سکتے هیں مگر جو پاکستان سے محبت کرتا هے نظریه پاکستان سے محبت کرتا هے اس کی نظر میں آپکا کالم کوئی اھمیت نهیں رکھتا.
    برائے مھربانی بھارتی سوچ کو پروموٹ کرنا بند کریں.

  10. اسلام علیکم بھائی جان پاکستان اس نظریہ کی بنیا د پر بنا جس کی بنیاد کلمہ طیبہ تھی۔اور ہم اس کے محافظ ہیں۔

    اور یہ پیارا وطن کلمہ طیبہ کی جاگیر ہے۔کیوں فضول کالم لکھ کر لوگوں کا مائنڈ خراب کرتے ہو ۔مجھے یہ بتاو آپ اور


    کا جو ایجنٹ پکڑاگیا ۔کیا فرق ہے آپ اور اس میں ۔کوئی فرق نہیں آپ کے نظریات بھی اس جیسے ہی ہیں۔آپ بھی اتنی ہی سزا کے مسحق ہو۔آپ اس ملک کا کھاتے ہو۔ رہتے ادر ہو۔ اور زبان انڈیا

    کی بولتے ہو۔

    آپ کو کیا پتا ہے ہسٹری کا 03086676528 رابطہ کرنا بھر ہسٹری بتاوں گا اپبے اباو اجداد کی۔کتنے ہی بےوقوف لوگ ہیں ہو جنہوں نے تمہارا کالم پبلش کیا۔

    تم جیسوں کو ایجنسیز استعمال کرتی ہیں۔

    خدارا اللہ سے ڈر جاو اور اس وطن عزیز اور اس کے محافظوں کے ساتھ مخلص ہو جاو۔اور اپنے فضول آڈیاز اور سکالر بننے کی کوشش نہ کرو تمہاری عمر ابھی پڑھنے لکھنے کی ہے۔

    me waiting for your reply

  11. پاکستان ٹوڈے میں آپ کا کالم پڑھا
    پڑھ کر بہت دکھ ہوا کہ ہمارے آباؤ اجداد نے تو دو قومی نظریے کیلئے لاکھوں قربانیاں دے کر کہ ملک پاکستان حاصل کیا تھا اور وہ نظریہ لا الہ الا اللہ محمد رسول اللہ تھا یہ ایک مکمل نظام ہے اور یہ نظریہ پاکستان ہی بقائے پاکستان ہے مگر آپ کی سوچ ابھی بھی لبرل ہی ہے آپ کیسے مسلم ہیں؟
    اور آپ نے لکھا کہ کچھ لوگ پاک فوج کو سپورٹ کر رہے ہیں تو بتا ئیے کہ
    اگرہم نے پاک فوج کوسپورٹ نہیں کرنا تو کیا بندرکی پجاری بھارتی فوج کو سپورٹ کریں؟
    We Love Pak Army.
    ایمان،تقوی،جہادفی سبیل اللہ

  12. السلام علیکم
    عمر بھائی
    کاش…… یہ کالم لکھنے سے پہلے آپ نے سوچا ہوتا کہ جس
    شاخ پر آپ بیٹھے ہیں آج اسی شاخ کو کاٹنے کیلئے آپ کا قلم اُٹھا
    کیا پاکستان کی بنیاد میں آپ کے اباواجداد کا خون شامل نہیں ہے؟11@
    کیا آپ پاکستان بننے کے خلاف ہیں؟
    جس نظریے پر پاکستان بنا کیاآپ اس نظریے کے خلاف ہیں؟
    اور رہی بات جماعۃالدعوۃ کی شاید آپ آج تک بھارتی میڈیا کو سنتے آئے ہو ایک پاکستانی ہونے کے باوجود جماعۃالدعوۃ کو بھارتی نگاہوں سے دیکھ رہے ہو کبھی اپنے ضمیر کو جھنجھوڑ کر خالص پاکستانی نگاہوں سے جماعۃ الدعوۃ کے کام کو دیکھو گے تو
    ان شاءاللہ
    میں امید رکھتا ہو آپ سمجھ جائیں گے
    اور آئندہ آپ کا قلم سنبھل کر چلے گا

  13. Pakistan is called an ideological country because Allama Muhammad Iqbal gave idea of Muslim state in india . This state was obtained by a peaceful movement headed by Quid e Azam .Pakistan, got independence from Britain in 1947 and the core reason was that Muslims of India needed a country where they could live independently and practice their religion. Two nation theory served as the ideology for Indian Muslims, according to which Muslims of India couldn’t live together as they were two different nations.

  14. Quid-e-Azam said:

    “The Muslims demand Pakistan where they can rule in accordance with their own system of life ,their cultural development ,their traditions and Islamic laws.”

    Dear Umer, Our homeland Pakistan is one of the biggest blessings of Allah for all of us.

    I don’t know about your family back ground but I belong to a family who’s forefathers suffered lots of hardships for the country in which you and I live fearlessly. Just suppose the situation if you were a citizen of India & you had to face difficulties in your daily life. There is no need of any debate on condition of Indian Muslims who are being hanged just for their basic rights. I also know & expect the reply from liberal people like you; “We’ll not eat cow”.

    Its not just the matter of cow its the matter of religious freedom. Its the matter of human rights. Two Nations Theory was a reality based ideology which is still applicable for today’s subcontinent.

    Today’s India claims itself a liberal democrat country but unfortunately it has become the worst country to love in.

    So its my humble request for you, that please stop using your pen against your own country, your own Army & people who serve your own country.

    Dear umer Just remove the glasses of liberalism and read history of Islam, history of your forefathers in Subcontinent and check the condition of Indian Muslims including Kashmiris.

    You’ve a power of pen but you need to be equipped with power of history knowledge and patriotism.

    Must think about it.

    Take Care

  15. Sir ap ka koi qasoor nhi hai…ye aj kul ka fashion hai k ap pak army, pakistan #نظریہ_پاکستان or religious logo pr tanqeed kro or award hasil kro.

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