Barack Obama on Tuesday condemned African leaders who refuse to give up power and urged the continent to end “the cancer of corruption”, in the first ever address to the African Union by a US president.
Obama said the rest of the world also needed to change its approach to Africa by boosting fair trade and not just providing aid handouts, and vowed that the United States stood with the region to defeat terrorism and end conflict.
The speech marked the end of a short tour that has seen Obama visit Kenya, his father’s birthplace, and Ethiopia, from where he flew out on Air Force One after the speech.
Both are key security allies in the fight against Somalia’s Al Qaeda-affiliated Shebab militants, but they were also challenged on concerns over democracy, human rights and graft.
“Africa’s democratic progress is also at risk when leaders refuse to step aside when their terms end,” Obama said, drawing huge applause and cheers from some sections of the audience in the AU’s Nelson Mandela hall.
“No one should be president for life,” he said, explaining that he was personally relishing handing over office in 18 months.
“I love my work, but under our constitution, I cannot run again. I actually think I’m a pretty good president, I think if I ran again I could win, but I can’t,” he said.
“And, I’ll be honest with you, I’m looking forward to life after being president. I won’t have such a big security detail all the time, it means I can take a walk, it means I can spend time with my family.
“The point is I don’t understand why people want to stay so long.
“Especially when they’ve got a lot of money,” he said, drawing another huge cheer from the hall packed with diplomats but also many civil society activists.
‘Cancer of Corruption’:
Obama’s keynote speech also went further on endemic and institutionalised graft, something he had pressed on in Kenya over the weekend as well.
“Nothing will unlock Africa’s economic potential more than ending the cancer of corruption,” Obama said, before speaking at length of the need for growth to be boosted by ending discrimination and sexual violence against women and girls.
Obama singled out Burundi’s President Pierre Nkurunziza ─ whose successful bid for a third term provoked weeks of unrest in the small central African nation ─ as an example of the dangers of trying to stay put and risking “instability and strife”.
At the same time, Obama said the world needed to “recognise Africa’s extraordinary progress”, and outlined how American businesses were increasing US trade with the continent.
Playing up his position as the first-ever African-American US president, he also cast Washington as a trusted partner of the continent, and took a veiled swipe at resource-hungry China ─ which has massively stepped up its presence in Africa, symbolised by the Chinese-built AU headquarters where he gave the speech.
“Economic relationships cannot simply be about other countries building infrastructure with foreign labour, or extracting Africa’s natural resources,” Obama said.
“Real economic partnerships have to be a good deal for Africa. They have to create jobs and capacity for Africans. That’s the kind of partnership America offers.”
Obama said the United States was also a solid security partner that would stand by Africa in dealing with terrorism and end conflict. He said continent’s progress will “depend on security and peace”.
“As Africa stands against terror and conflict, I want you to know the United States stands with you,” he said, highlighting threats ranging from Somalia’s Shebab, Boko Haram in Nigeria, insurgents in Mali and Tunisia, and Lord’s Resistance Army rebels in central Africa.