Bhambore may be the elusive harbour town archaeologists were searching for


Recent archaeological studies have revealed that archaeological site of Bhambore in Sindh – known as Debal in the 7th century – might have been the elusive harbour town that served as the gateway for trade between the land of thick groves of date palms termed as the “Green Belt” in the Makran district of Balochistan and various other Asian and Arab regions.
Dr Prof Valeria Fiorani Piacentini, who teaches at the Catholic University of the Sacred Heart in Milan, Italy and has researched extensively on the archaeological sites in Makran as well as Bhambore, believes that Bhambore is the final piece of a big puzzle , providing an answer to the discovery of earthenware objects in Makran that originate from various other regions.
Speaking at a conference on the work of Italian archaeologists in Pakistan organised by the Consulate of Italy and the Sindh government to mark the Italy’s 65th anniversary and 150 years of unification, Piacentini contradicted other theories, saying that the other coastal links would have been unfeasible to serve as a trade route due to extreme temperatures and the rocky and sandy terrains. However, she explained that the fall of Bhambore was abrupt, evidently due to a massive earthquake.  
During the conference, Sindh Antiquities Secretary Kaleem Lashari pointed out the inadequacy of the earlier research on Bhambore and the amount of hard work it took to put together the material found during earlier excavations in an organised manner.
Determined to solving the mysteries that Bhambore had to offer, he went on to invite Piacentini to conduct a reach on the artefacts discovered in the ruins that consequently led to the new theory about the site.
He also explained the progress of the ancient city during the Scytho-Parithan Period (starting from the 1st century BC), the Hindu-Buddhist Period and the Muslim Era (ending in the 13th century AD) with the help of the material excavated from the site.
Dr Luca M. Olivieri, director of the IsIAO Italian Archaeological Mission in Pakistan, delivered a lecture on the history of Italian archaeologists in Pakistan. He highlighted their extensive work in Swat and their efforts in unearthing the riddles of the Gandhara civilisation. He also pointed out the difficulties that the Italian mission had to confront when the security situation worsened in Swat.


  1. It was amazing for me not to mention the role of former director general archaeology,who was also renowned as father of the museum west Pakistan and Ex East Pakistan. Dr.Fazal Ahmed Khan (PHD) S.I.T.P K (1960 – 1970) in regards Bhambore & Gandhara civilisation. He wrote many books which is still studied & teaches in Karachi university history deppt as well in Sindh University Khairpur.As i witnessed as a grand son his work on Bhambore in detailed. And still we have large collection of his records and documents.

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