High-level Taliban leaders are showing interest in talks with the United States-backed government in Kabul in increasing numbers, as pressure mounts from an intensifying NATO military campaign, a US special envoy said on Sunday.
But Richard Holbrooke, the administration’s envoy for Afghanistan and Pakistan, cautioned that the feelers so far add up to “contacts and discussions” rather than peace negotiations to end a war now in its tenth year.
“What we’ve got here is an increasing number of Taliban at high levels saying, ‘Hey, we want to talk,'” he said. “We think this is a result in large part of the growing pressure they’re under from General (David) Petraeus and the ISAF command.”
Holbrooke’s comments in an interview with CNN’s Fareed Zakaria were the latest sign that Washington is encouraging Afghan President Hamid Karzai’s peace overtures toward the Taliban as it looks to begin drawing down a US surge force next year.
The New York Times reported last week that Taliban leaders were being offered safe passage by NATO troops from their sanctuaries in Pakistan, and in one case were flown to Kabul in a NATO aircraft.
Holbrooke, a veteran of war-ending peace negotiations in other conflicts, cautioned not to expect the war in Afghanistan to be settled by formal peace negotiations as they were in Vietnam or Bosnia. “In this particular case, unlike the two issues I mentioned a moment ago, there is no clear single address that you go to.
“There’s no Ho Chi Minh. There’s no Slobodan Milosevic. There’s no Palestinian Authority. There is a widely dispersed group of people that we roughly call the enemy,” he said. The list of groups includes the Afghan Taliban led by Mullah Mohammed Omar, the Pakistani Taliban, the Al-Haqqani network, Hizb-e-Islami, Lashkar-e-Taiba and Al-Qaeda.
The only group Holbrooke specifically ruled out talks with was Al-Qaeda. “So the idea of peace talks, to use your phrase, or negotiations, to use another phrase, doesn’t really add up to the way this thing is going to evolve,” Holbrooke said.
But, he said, the war could not be won militarily and “some kind of political element to this is essential, and we are looking at every aspect of this.”